Hurricanes & Tropical Storms - September 2014


NCDC transitioned to the nClimDiv dataset on Thursday, March 13, 2014. This was coincident with the release of the February 2014 monthly monitoring report. For details on this transition, please visit our public FTP site and our U.S. Climate Divisional Database site.

Note: This report catalogs recent tropical cyclones across the North Atlantic and East Pacific and places each basin's tropical cyclone activity in a climate-scale context. It is not updated in real time. Users seeking real time status and forecasts of tropical cyclones should visit The National Hurricane Center.

North Atlantic


September 2014 Tropical Cyclone Counts

Storm Type September 2014 September 1981-2010 Average Record Most for September
Period of Record: 1851-2014
Tropical Storm
(Winds > 39 mph)
2 4.0
8
(2002, 2007, 2010)
Hurricane
(Winds > 74 mph)
1 2.6
5
(1955, 1969, 1981, 1998, 2000, 2005)
Major Hurricane
(Winds > 111 mph)
1 1.3 4
(1953, 1961)

September 2014 Individual Tropical Cyclones

Name Dates of winds
>39 mph
Maximum
Sustained Winds
Minimum
Central Pressure
Landfall
Tropical Storm Dolly September 1st–3rd 50 mph 1002 mb Near Tampico, Mexico
Hurricane Edouard September 11th–19th 115 mph 955 mb N/A

East Pacific


September 2014 Tropical Cyclone Counts

Storm Type September 2014 September 1981-2010 Average Record Most for September
Period of Record: 1949-2014
Tropical Storm
(Winds > 39 mph)
4 3.6 6
(1966, 1992, 1994, 1997, 2001, 2005)
Hurricane
(Winds > 74 mph)
2 2.2
6
(1992)
Major Hurricane
(Winds > 111 mph)
2 1.1
4
(1972, 1993)

September 2014 Individual Tropical Cyclones


Name Dates of winds
39 mph
Maximum
Sustained Winds
Minimum
Central Pressure
Landfall
Hurricane Norbert September 2nd–8th 120 mph 957 mb N/A — Direct impacts along Baja California, Mexico
Hurricane Odile September 10th–17th 130 mph 922 mb Near Cabo San Lucas, Mexico
Hurricane Polo September 16th–22nd 75 mph 1003 mb N/A — Direct impacts along Baja California, Mexico
Hurricane Rachel September 24th–30th 85 mph 981 mb N/A

Significant Events

Hurricane Odile
Satellite Image of Hurricane Odile
Source: NASA

Odile developed from a low pressure system south of the Mexican Pacific Coast, reaching tropical storm strength on September 10th. Odile moved towards the northwest, parallel to the coastline and became a hurricane on September 13th. The storm then underwent rapid intensification, reaching its maximum strength on September 14th with winds of 130 mph (Category 4) and a central minimum pressure of 922 mb. Odile weakened slightly while undergoing an eye wall replacement cycle on the 15th before making landfall near Cabo San Lucas with winds of 125 mph (Category 3). The storm then moved along the Baja Peninsula, bringing flooding rains, winds, and storm surge to much of the region. The Mexican government declared a state of emergency, setting up shelters for thousands of local residents and over 26,000 foreign travelers visiting the Baja Peninsula. The system dissipated to a remnant low on the 19th and moved into the southwestern U.S. where the storm brought heavy rains to parts of drought stricken Arizona, California, New Mexico, and Texas. Odile's 125-mph winds at landfall marked the strongest hurricane on record to make direct landfall on Mexico's Baja Peninsula. Odile was also the ninth strongest hurricane on record to make landfall anywhere along Mexico's Pacific Coast. Over 90 percent of Baja California Sur lost power during the event, with an estimated 2,100 power poles being downed across the Mexican state. More than 11,000 people were evacuated due to flood waters alone. In Mexico alone, at least 15 fatalities were confirmed from the storm with damages expected to exceed one billion U.S. dollars.


Citing This Report

NOAA National Climatic Data Center, State of the Climate: Hurricanes & Tropical Storms for September 2014, published online October 2014, retrieved on October 31, 2014 from http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/tropical-cyclones.